The Secret to Painting ‘White’ Objects

Painting white objects in acrylic and oil is trickier than one might think. A beginner will often just reach for a tube of white paint and ‘call it good’ but later wonder why his or her ‘daisy’ looks dull, flat and lifeless. So, what is the secret to painting convincing whites? Read on to find out …

<<< This is a detail of my painting, “Still Life in Blue & White”…I put a ‘white’ piece of paper next the the blue & white vase and blue jay so you can dramatically see how much color I use in my ‘whites’. The full painting is at the start of this post, or you can view in  this speed video demo.

First it is good to understand the basics of ‘white’. Yes it is true that titanium, zinc and lead white are the main tools for painting white and the effects of light in acrylic and oil. But there is more to painting ‘white’ than slopping a tube of white paint on a canvas….The challenge is this: Although white makes a color lighter, it also removes its vibrancy and brightness.

~The two different categories of white~

Light-Generated WHITE:

  • White = the sum of all the colors of light.
  • Yes, white is a color.
  • White reflects all the colors of the visible light spectrum to the eyes.
    • But, light appears colorless or white.
    • Sunlight is white light that is composed of all the colors of the spectrum.
    • A rainbow is proof.
    • But, you can’t see the colors of sunlight except when atmospheric conditions bend the light rays and create a rainbow.
    • A prism can also demonstrate this.

Pigment WHITE:(obviously, this is the ‘white’ we artists are need to understand)

  • Technically, pure white pigment is the absence of color.
  • You cannot mix colors to create white.
  • White is the absence of color.
  • Conversely, when you examine the pigment chemistry of white, you will find ground-up chalk and bone or chemicals as titanium and zinc.
    • These substances are used to create the many nuances of white in paint, chalk, crayons – and even beauty products.
    • It can be said that white is a ‘color’ in the context of pigment chemistry.

So now we know that ‘white’ reflects all the colors of the visible light spectrum! That means in order to paint convincing whites we must be able to paint the subtle color shifts and value changes. Your white subject matter will reflect the colors of the objects that surround it. Therefore, the truth is this - convincing whites are actually quite colorful.

(The charming ‘white tea-cup’ demonstration above is by Karen O’Neil – look at all that color!!!)

*Remember, WHITE reduces brightness so although it makes a color lighter, it removes its vibrancy.* This is the reason why:

  • When white pigment is added to any color it produces a ‘tint’ of that color.
  • This addition of white makes a transparent color opaque, and cools the original color.
  • We have all seen this phenomenon with red.
  • A warm, vibrant red will quickly change into a cool pink with the addition of titanium white.
  • White can be used to lighten a color, but too much white causes dull, bleached out paintings.
  • Learn to develop your own color sense and mixing skills to produce beautiful hues of varying intensity.
  • Use white sparingly.
  • To learn more about color, you might like to read The Hidden Meaning of Color

I hope this information helps to minimize the challenges of white objects in your paintings. Please share your tips or thoughts with us. Don’t keep it a secret! Thanks for the visit. ~Lori

P.S… There are Three White Pigments to Choose From:

  • Titanium white paint is my choice and the most commonly used by fine artists. Titanium white is the most opaque white pigment. It very easily covers paint layers underneath it. Titanium is the most neutral in color but is slightly cool.
  • Zinc white is made from pure zinc oxide and was originally developed in the 1700’s. It is somewhat translucent and produces brilliant color mixtures. Zinc white is known for its ease and workable quality in oils. But, this pigment tends to be very brittle and produces cold mixtures.
  • Lead White or basic lead carbonate is one of the oldest known pigments which was first developed during the time of Christ. It produces very warm and intense color mixtures. It is considered to be the most enduring pigment. Many of the most revered qualities of the ‘old masters’ paintings can be attributed from the use of lead white. That said, it is of utmost importance to note that LEAD WHITE IS EXTREMELY TOXIC!!!

You might like these articles too:

The Importance of Value & Tone in Painting

When Are You Ready to Call Yourself a Professional Artist?

On My Easel #3: From Lemons to Lemonade

On My Easel #2: The Challenge of Painting the Illusion of Blown Glass

On My Easel: Still Life Oil Painting Demo #1

When Are You Ready to Call Yourself a Professional Artist?

Save Money. Learn How to Gesso a Hardboard Panel for Painting

Bringing the Still Life to Life: A Painting Demo by Master, Jeff Legg

The New Still Life Paintings of Lori McNee

Interesting sources: Color Theory Lesson – Using Black and WhiteAre Black and White Colors?Pigments: Three Artists’ Whites

About Lori McNee

Lori McNee is a professional artist who specializes in still life, and landscape oil paintings. She is an exhibiting member of Oil Painters of America, Plein Air Painters of Idaho, serves on the Plein Air Mag Board of Advisors, and is an Artist Ambassador to Arches/Canson/Royal Talens. As the owner of FineArtTips.com, Lori blogs about fine art tips, marketing, and social media advice for the aspiring and professional artist. As a social media influencer, Lori ranks as one of the Top 100 Most Powerful Women on Twitter, has been featured in the Wall Street Journal and named a #TwitterPowerhouse by The Huffington Post. She is a keynote speaker, has been a talk show host for Plum TV, writes for F+W Media publications including Artist’s Magazine, Artist’s & Graphic Designer’s Market, Photographer’s Market. Also, Zero to 100,000: Social Media Tips & Tricks for Small Businesses. Lori is also a member of the CBS Entertainment Tonight & The Insider Tweet Team.

Comments

  1. Lori! You are amazing….How do you find time to paint and write all these amazing blogs? I admire you and your work so much!
    Creatively yours,
    Wendy

    • Thanks for the complimentary comment, Wendy! I replied to your comment, but it got lost somehow…so please forgive me if I repeat myself. Anyway, painting, blogging and family is a lot to juggle, but I really enjoy helping others through my own experiences.

      I looked at you website and really liked you old Montana style. Would you like to share a tip or helpful story with us? Please consider.

      Thanks again and I hope you come back again soon.
      Best
      ~Lori :-)

  2. 2morrowKnight says:

    This is hot! I like your attention to detail Lori, and I love the tremendous, stylistic confidence you have about your work!

    • Hi Sean! Thanks for checking out my blog. Glad you like it. Funny, I just was on your site and posted a comment. But, you will have to wait and see what I had to say – I don’t want to repeat myself here. I will say that I enjoyed my visit on your site!

      Come back again when you need a little shot-in-the-arm of “art culture”! ~Lori :-)

  3. Lori
    Thanks so much for the tips on painting white. I am attempting to do just that.

    • Barbara, I hope these tips on painting white help you with your project. Let me know how it works for you. Thanks for the visit and come back again soon. Also, let me know if you have any topic suggestions!

      Lori :-)

  4. Annette M. Ellis says:

    Hi Lori, its wonderful to have found your web-site and all of the information that you are sharing..It has made the difficulties I have been
    struggling with for so long more able to understand..I am finding values hard to get a grasp on , but I am determined to learn with perserverance, and never say die attitude..Thank you so much…Annette

    • Hi Annette and thank you! Comments like yours are the reasons why I am taking time away from my own painting in order to blog & share what I know with others.

      I hope you come back and visit. Values…hmmm…that will be an upcoming post!

      Best- Lori :-)

  5. Nice! I’m new to your terrific site, but if you haven’t covered the subject in the past, here’s an idea: how *dark* and colorful reflections and highlights on dark hair and dark shiny subjects can be. Despite looking kinda white! Best, Karla Mulry

    • Hi Karla…nice to meet you! Are you offering to write a tip on *dark* & colorful reflections??? Would love to see what you have to say – please share. Or, are you asking for help on that subject?

      Thanks for the comment – Lori :-)

  6. found your site on del.icio.us today and really liked it.. i bookmarked it and will be back to check it out some more later

  7. I really enjoyed thispost and seeing the steps of the “white” tea cup painting, love those vibrant blues! I have fun attempting to paint white objects, like lilies sometimes, I find it to be a good brain and mixing exercise like practicing the scales. Thank you for this and all of your posts, they’re always useful, fun and imformative!
    I’ve always only used lead white and I love it (it much more toxic as powder or pigment which you cannot buy anymore) because it has an almost translucent quality that the other whites don’t have. Just my personal preference.
    Thanks again Lori.

    • Hello Kelly and you are very welcome! I am so glad you enjoyed this article. It was a fun one to write. I have never used white lead because of its toxicity, but I know it creates beautiful effects.

      I am grateful for your visit and comment!
      Lori :)

  8. Thank you, Carolyn for mentioning this article on Twitter! ~Lori

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